About IFSB > Establishment > Background
The Islamic Financial Services Board (IFSB), which is based in Kuala Lumpur, was officially inaugurated on 3rd November 2002 and started operations on 10th March 2003. It serves as an international standard-setting body of regulatory and supervisory agencies that have vested interest in ensuring the soundness and stability of the Islamic financial services industry, which is defined broadly to include banking, capital market and insurance. In advancing this mission, the IFSB promotes the development of a prudent and transparent Islamic financial services industry through introducing new, or adapting existing international standards consistent with Sharî'ah principles, and recommend them for adoption.
To this end, the work of the IFSB complements that of the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision, International Organisation of Securities Commissions and the International Association of Insurance Supervisors.
As at December 2016, the 188 members of the IFSB comprise 70 regulatory and supervisory authorities, eight international inter-governmental organisations, and 110 market players (financial institutions, professional firms and industry associations) operating in 57 jurisdictions.
Malaysia, the host country of the IFSB, has enacted a law known as the Islamic Financial Services Board Act 2002, which gives the IFSB the immunities and privileges that are usually granted to international organisations and diplomatic missions.
Adoption of Standards
Since its inception, the IFSB has issued twenty-six Standards, Guiding Principles and Technical Note for the Islamic financial services industry. The published documents are on the areas of:
- Risk Management (IFSB-1)
- Capital Adequacy (IFSB-2)
- Corporate Governance (IFSB-3)
- Transparency and Market Discipline (IFSB-4)
- Supervisory Review Process (IFSB-5)
- Governance for Collective Investment Schemes (IFSB-6)
- Special Issues in Capital Adequacy (IFSB-7)
- Guiding Principles on Governance for Islamic Insurance (Takāful) Operations (IFSB-8)
- Conduct of Business for Institutions offering Islamic Financial Services (IIFS) (IFSB-9)
- Guiding Principles on Sharī`ah Goverance System (IFSB-10)
- Standard on Solvency Requirements for Takāful (Islamic Insurance) Undertakings (IFSB-11)
- Guiding Principles on Liquidity Risk Management (IFSB-12)
- Guiding Principles on Stress Testing (IFSB-13)
- Standard on Risk Management for Takāful (Islamic Insurance) Undertakings (IFSB-14)
- Revised Capital Adequacy Standard (IFSB-15)
- Revised Guidance on Key Elements in the Supervisory Review Process (IFSB-16)
- Core Principles for Islamic Finance Regulations (IFSB-17)
- Guiding Principles for Retakāful (Islamic Reinsurance) (IFSB-18)
- Recognition of Ratings on Sharī`ah-Compliant Financial Instruments (GN-1)
- Guidance Note in Connection with the Risk Management and Capital Adequacy Standards: Commodity Murābahah Transactions (GN-2)
- Guidance Note on the Practice of Smoothing the Profits Payout to Investment Account Holders (GN -3)
- Guidance Note in Connection with the IFSB Capital Adequacy Standard: The Determination of Alpha in the Capital Adequacy Ratio (GN-4)
- Guidance Note on the Recognition of Ratings by External Credit Assessment Institutions (ECAIS) on Takāful and ReTakāful Undertakings (GN-5)
- Quantitative Measures for Liquidity Risk Management (GN-6)
- Development of Islamic Money Markets (TN-1)
- Stress Testing (TN-2)
The standards prepared by the IFSB follow a lengthy due process as outlined in its Guidelines and Procedures for the Preparation of Standards/Guidelines which involve, among others, the issuance of exposure draft and, where necessary, the holding of a public hearing.
The IFSB is actively involved in the promotion of awareness of issues that are relevant or have an impact on the regulation and supervision of the Islamic financial services industry. This mainly takes the form of international conferences, seminars, workshops, trainings, meetings and dialogues staged in many countries.
See Speeches delivered at the IFSB Inauguration Ceremony (November 2002)
- Welcoming Speech by Governor, Bank Negara Malaysia, Dr. Zeti Akhtar Aziz
- Keynote Address by (then) Malaysian Prime Minister, Dr. Mahathir Mohammad
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